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    摘要花园路径现象是在语言处理过程中一种特殊的暂时性或者局部性歧义现象。自从上世纪70年代Bever第一次提出花园路径现象后,研究者们从语义学,句法学,语用学,心理语言学和认识知语言学等各个角度对其展开了广泛研究。本文主要运用文献法和例证法来研究英语中的花园路径现象。本文首先介绍花园路径现象的背景知识,包括先行研究状况以及研究的意义和目的;然后解释一些花园路径现象的基本概念及其诱发原因;最后阐述花园路径现象对解读幽默话语和脑筋急转弯的启迪。对花园路径现象的研究无论在理论上还是实践上都具有重要意义。它不仅可以帮助学习者了解人类语言语言处理过程机制,而且也会帮助英语学习者提高处理花园路径句子的能力,有利于英语语言的学习和理解。84792

    毕业论文关键词:花园路径现象;诱因;效应

    Abstract Garden path phenomenon, a special temporary or local ambiguity in language processing, has been widely explored and studied from aspects of semantics, syntax, pragmatics as well as psycholinguistics and cognitive linguistics over the years, since it was first put forward by Bever in the 1970s。 This paper is designed to explore the garden path phenomenon in English through literature and examples。 Firstly, the paper introduces the background of garden path phenomenon, including the previous investigations as well as the significance and purposes; then the paper illustrates some basic concepts and triggering factors; lastly, the paper expounds the enlightenment of garden path phenomenon on interpreting humorous words and conundrums。 All in all, the research of garden path phenomenon is of considerable significance both theoretically and practically。 It will help learners understand the operation of human language processing mechanism and improve their abilities to deal with garden-path sentences, which is of great benefit to learn and understand English language。

    Key words: garden path phenomenon; factors; effect

    Contents

    摘 要 i

    Abstract ii

    I。 Introduction 1

    II。 An Overview of Garden Path Phenomenon 2

    2。1 Origin of Garden Path Phenomenon 2

    2。2 Definition of Garden Path Phenomenon 2

    2。3 The Distinction Between Global Ambiguity and Temporary Ambiguity 4

    III。 Triggering Factors of Garden Path Phenomenon 4

    3。1 Syntactic Factors 4

    3。2 Semantic Factors 6

    3。3 Pragmatic Factors 8

    IV。 The Enlightenment of Garden Path Phenomenon on Interpreting        Humorous Words and Conundrums 9

    4。1 On Interpreting Humorous Words 9

    4。2 On Interpreting Conundrums 11

    V。 Conclusion 14

    Bibliography 16

    Acknowledgements 17

    Studies On Garden Path Phenomenon in English

    I。 Introduction

    Garden path phenomenon is a kind of temporary or local ambiguity in the parsing process of language。 To be more specific, when comprehending garden path sentence, people tend to misinterpret the sentence at the very start and finally have to go back to comprehend it and get another new interpretation。 文献综述

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